Sources have been cited in parenthetical references, but I have not linked them directly to their full citations which appear on the Golden Goose Bibliography page. I have provided links back to the Annotated Golden Goose to facilitate referencing between the notes and the tale. Special thanks to Christine Ethier, an adjunct teacher of English writing at both Community College of Philadelphia and Camden County College, for providing the annotations to this tale.
I have included the Grimms' notes to the tale as translated by Margaret Hunt followed by SurLaLune's textual annotations. The Grimms' Notes For the Tale.
The Golden Goose Story - Bedtimeshortstories
After a story from Hesse, and another from the neighbourhood of Paderborn. This last has the following variations: when Dummling has shared his food with the little man, the latter says, "Now lie down and sleep a while; and when thou awakest thou wilt find a sledge, to which a little bird is harnessed; and when it cries 'Kisi,' answer only 'Keifes;' and then thou wilt see what will happen.
Three girls however were looking out of the window of one of the houses, and they saw the sledge with the little bird; and the eldest exclaimed, "I must have that bird! The little bird cried "Kisi! And now came the two other sisters, and were held fast.
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Dummling drove onwards, and they reached a great piece of water, where many washerwomen were standing washing; and when they saw the girls they were angry with them for running after the sledge, and ran up to beat them with their wooden mallets; but they too were held fast, and were still forced to try to strike the girls. Then the parson and clerk came with the holy- water vessel, and they too were made fast, and thus the band grew greater, until Dummling arrived with it in the presence of the king's serious daughter, who laughed at the sight, and whom he now received to wife.
The other tasks are not given. Compare the story, The Miller and the Cat , No. As in this story, every one sticks fast to the goose, or to those who are touching it, so Loki sticks fast to the rod with which he is trying to strike the eagle Thiasse.
The Golden Goose
The rod, however, sticks to the eagle, and he is dragged away too Younger Edda, Dames , The third is the first to behave kindly. Compare in Wyss's Volkssagen p. A man who can drink a pond dry, or eat many thousands of loaves, appears in the Volksbuch of the Pomeranian Kunigund ; see the story of The Seven Apprentices who get on in the World , No. Grimm, Jacob and Wilhelm.
Household Tales. Margaret Hunt, translator. London: George Bell, , Return to place in story. The youngest of whom was called Dummling: Sometimes the translations of the tale call the youngest son "Simpleton". Bruno Bettelheim sees the number three as representing the ego, super-ego, and id Bettelheim sees the simpleton character as "the fairy tale's rendering of the original debilitated state of the ego as it begins its struggle to cope with inner world of drives and with the difficult problems which the outer world presents" Despised, mocked, and put down: Bettelhiem points out that the simpleton's unhappiness in not mentioned or dwelled upon and "his being considered stupid is stated as a fact of life which does not seem to concern him much" It is possible that the simpleton Dummling represents or functions as a child's feelings of inadequacy in relation to the world Bettelheim The forest: The forest in fairy tales functions as a place of change.
It has all of ". A beautiful sweet cake: The Jack Zipes edition of the tale gives pancake instead Complete While wine does have symbolic associations particularly as the blood of Christ or other sacrifices [Biedermann ] , it seems used to show preference here. The cake and the wine show how much the mother values her eldest sons.
Little grey- haired man: An old man was ". The Jack Zipes' edition uses the term "dwarf" here Complete Prudent: While being prudent is usually a good thing, here it backfires. The eldest son is too prudent; he lacks compassion or charity. Because of this he fails what Maria Tater calls "the test of compassion" that the old man offers him. In addition, the young man's response is rude and dismissive. Hew down a tree: A tree can symbolize an upward trend Cirlot , which does not occur to either of the eldest brothers.
Both elder sons lack compassion and charity which the saints exhibited. Cut him in the arm: The arm is a symbol for activity Cirlot This was the little gray man's doing: It is unclear what exactly the little man is supposed to be. Zipes, as seen above, uses the term dwarf.
According to Thomas Keightley, who got most of his German fairy information from books by the Grimms , dwarfs were considered to be ". Dwarfs also gave valuable presents to agreeable strangers Keightley Keightley also writes that the dwarfs near Hartz in Germany were not to be provoked because they would injury the offender There is also a theory that dwarfs are related to the dead Lindahl et al It is clear that the old gray man is something other than a plain human being. It is possible that he is a Wild also called Wood, Timber or Moss person. Keightley writes that the wild people ".
They are small in stature, yet somewhat larger than the Elf, being the size of children three years [old], gray and old looking hairy men and clad in moss" According to Keightley, however, the women were the ones who were said to appear to woodcutters and beg for food, not the male moss people Most of the stories Keightley has about moss people are about females; however, the stories do connect moss people, trees, and gold.
In particular, Keightley relates a story of a human woman who helped a moss woman and was rewarded with a piece of bark When the woman broke the bark, it turned to gold Keightley What I give you will be taken away from myself: The response of the middle son is even ruder than the response of the eldest son. His punishment: The story makes it clear that the sons are being punished for their treatment of the old gray haired man.
Leg: The leg is associated with firmness Cirlot You do not understand: The father does not seem overly concerned about his third son. It was obvious that the man was thirsty and hungry so Simpleton shared everything he had with him. He told him to cut down a tree and that anything he finds in it shall be his.
Simpleton listened and he went to cut a tree. He found a goose whose feathers were filled with gold. Simpleton got excited and he headed for the town.
pawscolsettlo.cf He decided to get some rest before he returns so he spent the night in an inn and he left the goose with the others. Her sisters wanted to help her but they had the same end. Morning came and Simpleton went back to the town. He took his goose with him and the sisters ran after him because they were stuck. A priest saw him on the way and he lectured them about running after the young man. He decided to grab the youngest sister but then he also got stuck. He called for help but everyone would just get glued to that unusual group. Simpleton came to the town with his unusual group and in that city a king, who had a sad daughter, lived.
He was so desperate about hr state that he promised her hand to anyone who makes her laugh. The two of them were walking when Simpleton was passing by. When the king realized that Simpleton was poor he decided not to give his daughter away. First he had to find a man who was able to drink all of the wine from the basement. Simpleton remembered the man from the forest and he went to get him. The man helped him again.